How To Grow Ginger No Matter Where You Live?

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Growing ginger is easy and rewarding. Once planted, the ginger needs nothing but water and patience to mature into a delicious, spicy ingredient. This guide focuses on the edible species, but most flowering ornamental ginger plants grow in similar conditions.

A. Planting Ginger


1. Start in early spring.

Ginger is a tropical plant that does not survive frost. Plant after the last spring frost, or at the start of the wet season if you live in the tropics. If you live in a climate with a short growing season, you can grow the plant indoors.

2. Choose your ginger plant.

There are many species of ginger. To grow the most common edible variety, Zingiber officinale, all you need is the ginger root from the grocery store. You can find ornamental ginger plants with vibrant flowers at a plant nursery, but these are often inedible.
  • Choose ginger roots (technical rhizomes) that are plump and free of wrinkles, with visible eyes (small points) at the end of the “fingers.” Eyes that have started to turn green are ideal, but not required.
  • Buy organic ginger if you can. Non-organic ginger may have been treated with a growth inhibitor. Some gardeners find that soaking in warm water overnight will help stimulate inhibited plants.
  • This guide covers Zingiber officinale. Most Zingiber species will grow under similar conditions, but for best results follow the nursery instructions.
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how to grow ginger

3. Cut the rhizome into pieces (optional).

 If you’d like to grow more than one plant, cut the ginger with a sanitized knife or shears. Any piece at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide with one or more eyes can grow into a separate plant. After cutting, leave the pieces in a dry location for a few days to allow them to heal. They will form a protective callus over the cut surface, which reduces the risk of infection.

  • Each piece of ginger requires 8 inches (20 cm) of space. Use larger pieces if you need to save space.
  • A piece with three or more eyes is more likely to sprout.


how to grow ginger

4. Prepare the soil.

 Ginger thrives on high-quality, well-draining soil. Mixing garden soil with an equal amount of well-rotted compost should do the trick. If your soil is poor quality or heavy in clay, purchase rich potting soil instead.

  • If you want to keep a closer eye on the ginger, you can begin with a starting tray full of sphagnum moss or coconut fiber. These materials drain very well, preventing rot in young plants. You will need to transplant the ginger into the soil once leaves and roots form, which can be traumatic for the plant. The ideal temperature for sprouting ginger is 70 degrees Fahrenheit, so you may need to use a heat mat or other heat source to keep the soil a the right temperature.
  • Like most garden plants, ginger prefers mildly acidic soils. If the soil in your area is alkaline, adjust it to between 6.1 and 6.5 pH using a garden store pH kit.
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5. Choose a location.

Ginger prefers partial shade or areas with morning sun only, away from large roots. The growing location should be sheltered from the wind and moist, but not swampy. If the ginger plant has not yet germinated, soil temperatures must be warm — ideally between 71 and 77ºF (22–25ºC).
  • If growing the ginger in pots, choose a pot at least 12 inches (30cm) deep. A plastic pot is better than terra cotta, as long as you poke plenty of drainage holes in the base.
  • Ginger can grow in full shade in the tropics, but these locations may be too cool at other latitudes. Try to plant the ginger at a place that gets two to five hours of direct sunlight per day.


6. Plant the ginger.

Plant each piece of ginger 2–4 inches (5–10 cm) below loose soil, with the buds pointing upward. If planting in rows, keep each piece 8 inches (20 cm) apart. If planting in pots, plant one piece per large pot (14 in./35 cm diameter).


B. Caring for Growing Ginger

1. Keep the soil damp.

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